Principles and advantages
When some metals or semiconductors encounter an external magnetic field, the resistance value will change with the size of the external magnetic field. This phenomenon is called the magnetoresistance effect. Magnetoresistive technology mainly includes anisotropic magnetoresistance (AMR), giant magnetoresistance (GMR) and tunnel magnetoresistance (TMR).
The anisotropic magnetoresistance (AMR) effect means that when the external magnetic field is at a zero-degree angle to the direction of the internal magnetic field of the magnet, the resistance does not change with the change of the external magnetic field; but when the external magnetic field has a certain angle with the internal magnetic field of the magnet, The magnetization vector inside the magnet will shift and the resistance will decrease. The magnetic field effect of anisotropic magnetic resistance is as follows:
The magnetization directions of the two opposing resistors will rotate in the opposite direction to the current, and the resistance of the two resistors will decrease. By testing the voltage difference signals at the two output terminals of the bridge, the external magnetic field value can be obtained.
AMR magnetic sensors have the following advantages:
High frequency, low noise and high signal-to-noise ratio characteristics, performance is much higher than traditional Hall sensors;
Excellent performance, and does not change with temperature, compass application, measurement accuracy can reach 1 degree;
AMR can be integrated with CMOS or MEMS on the same silicon chip;
MEMSIC's latest generation of magnetic sensor MMC5603NJ is a single-chip integrated three-axis magnetic sensor based on advanced AMR technology, wafer-level packaging, which is the smallest size (0.8x0.8x0.4mm) known in the world so far Magnetic sensor. A number of new technologies and new processes unique to MEMSIC are applied to the magnetic sensor MMC5603NJ.
1、Highly integrated single chip design
MEMSIC provides mature, customizable algorithms to calibrate the direction of the software. However, when the interference magnetic field is very large, there will be obvious residual magnetism inside the magnetic induction element, and the software calibration algorithm can do nothing about it;
The temperature drift of MMC5603NJ is only ±0.01μT/℃, far lower than similar products. Therefore, MMC5603NJ can maintain consistent measurement accuracy and stable and reliable performance in a variety of harsh use environments.
In addition, MMC5603NJ also provides 20/18/16-bit selectable sensitivity, up to 1000Hz data output rate, RMS noise level as low as 0.15μT, hysteresis of only 0.02%, making fast calibration even calibration-free electronic Compass becomes possible...
Compared with the above-mentioned main performance parameters, the MMC5603NJ maintains a lead of several times or tens of times.
MEMSIC has been cultivating magnetic sensing technology for many years, and has accumulated a lot in the design, manufacture and application of magnetic sensors based on AMR technology. It also pioneered the introduction of high-performance AMR magnetic sensors into the smartphone market.